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Mexico City: Tips for exploring the capital city

Welcome to Mexico, where history meets modernity and every corner has a story to tell. In this article, I will take you on an exciting journey through the fascinating Mexico City, the enigmatic capital of this country full of color and flavor. Get ready to immerse yourself in its culture, marvel at its architectural treasures, delight in its delicious cuisine and learn tips from Mexico.

Mexico City. Capital of Mexico

Mexico City: Where History Awakens

Mexico City, also known as CDMX, is a bustling city steeped in history at every turn. In the past, it was the center of the mighty Aztec Empire, founded as Tenochtitlán in the 14th century on a lake. The Aztecs built a magnificent city, with canals, bridges and impressive temples, including the famous Pyramid of the Sun. Conquered by Hernán Cortés in 1521, the city was renamed Mexico City and became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

The colonial era brought with it a fascinating fusion of cultures, where the European mixed with the indigenous, molding the city’s identity. Today, CDMX is the Capital of Mexico, a modern and vibrant metropolis that has not forgotten its rich historical heritage. In its streets, skyscrapers coexist with ancient palaces and pre-Hispanic temples, creating a unique experience that connects you with Mexico’s ancestral past.

Top 10 things to do in Mexico City

Ready to dive into a whirlwind of unforgettable experiences in Mexico’s Capital City! Here’s a selection of the top 10 things to do in this vibrant metropolis:

1.Explore the Zócalo: Start your adventure at the Plaza de la Constitución, known as the Zócalo. Here you’ll find the majestic Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Palace, which houses stunning murals by Diego Rivera.


2.Travel back in time in Teotihuacan: Just an hour from the city, discover the ancient pyramids of Teotihuacan. Climb the sun and moon for breathtaking views.


3. Stroll through Coyoacán: Venture into the bohemian neighborhood of Coyoacán, home of Frida Kahlo. Explore the colorful market, visit the Casa Azul and enjoy the artistic atmosphere.

4. Markets and gastronomy: Immerse yourself in Mexican culinary culture at markets such as San Juan or Jamaica. Try tacos, quesadillas, tamales and more delicacies.

5. Chapultepec and its treasures: Visit the Bosque de Chapultepec, the largest urban park in Latin America. Discover Chapultepec Castle and its museums.


6. Xochimilco, party in the trajineras: Navigate the canals of Xochimilco in colorful trajineras. Celebrate like the locals with music, food and joy.


7. Explore the Historic District: Tour the Historic Center with its cobblestone streets and colonial buildings. Discover the Torre Latinoamericana for a panoramic view.

8. Visit the Basilica of Guadalupe: Pay homage to the Virgin of Guadalupe in the most visited Basilica in Latin America. A sacred place for Mexicans.

9. The Palace of Fine Arts: Enjoy shows and cultural events at the majestic Palace of Fine Arts, an artistic icon of the city.


10. Live the night in the Zona Rosa: Immerse yourself in the nightlife of the Zona Rosa, with bars, restaurants and clubs for all tastes.

Food and Drink in Mexico City

Welcome to the gastronomic capital of Mexico! In Mexico City, food is an art and an experience you must savor. Here you will find a unique blend of pre-Hispanic and contemporary flavors that will delight your taste buds.

  • Tacos al Pastor: Let’s start with the king of Mexican tacos: the famous tacos al Pastor. Delicious strips of pork marinated in a mixture of spices and achiote, grilled in a vertical spinning top and served with chunks of caramelized pineapple. An explosion of flavors that you can’t miss!
  • Antojitos Mexicanos: Dive into the variety of Mexican antojitos. Try quesadillas, sopes, tlacoyos, huaraches and gorditas, all filled with delicacies such as tinga, pressed chicharron, mushrooms with epazote and more.


  • Tamales: You can’t leave without trying tamales, a culinary tradition that dates back to the Aztecs. Filled with chicken, pork, rajas, beans, sweets and more, wrapped in corn husks and steamed.


  • Chiles en Nogada: If you visit in season, you can’t miss the chiles en nogada, an iconic dish of the national holidays. Poblano peppers stuffed with minced meat, bathed in an exquisite walnut sauce and garnished with pomegranate and parsley.


  • Mezcal and Pulque: Accompany your meal with traditional Mexican beverages, such as mezcal and pulque. Mezcal, distilled from agave, has a variety of flavors and aromas. Pulque, a pre-Hispanic drink, is slightly sparkling and very refreshing.

Mezcal y Pulque. Mexico city.

  • Markets and Fondas: Don’t miss the opportunity to visit the local markets and traditional fondas, where you will find authentic Mexican food prepared with love and seasoning.

The Best Time to Visit Mexico City

Mexico City has a temperate climate year-round, which makes it attractive to tourists in any season. However, there are important considerations:

  • High Season: The high season is from November to April, when the weather is drier and more pleasant. It is ideal for enjoying outdoor activities and exploring the tourist sites without worrying about rain.
  • Rainy Season: The rainy season runs from May to October, with July and August being the rainiest months. Despite the rains, this season has its charm with lush vegetation and lower prices on accommodations and flights.
  • Special Events: If you like festivities, visit Mexico City in September to celebrate the national holidays with parades and cultural events. In December, enjoy traditional posadas and colorful Christmas and New Year’s celebrations.

Is it safe to travel to Mexico City?

Safety is a valid concern for any traveler, and Mexico City is no exception. However, with proper precautions, it is a safe and welcoming destination for tourists. Here are some tips to ensure a safe and smooth trip:

  • Information and Planning: Before traveling, research the safest areas and avoid those that may have high crime rates. Plan your itinerary in advance and make sure you know the recommended routes to reach your destinations.
  • Safe Transportation: Use reliable transportation services and avoid taking cabs on the street. Prefer ridesharing apps or authorized cabs. If you are going to use public transportation, keep your belongings safe and watch your belongings at all times.
  • Safe Lodging: Choose hotels or lodgings that are well located and recognized for their safety. Consult the opinions of other travelers to make an informed decision.
  • Avoid Risky Situations: As in any big city, it is advisable to avoid walking in unfamiliar areas at night, especially if you are traveling alone. Keep your valuables safe and do not show large amounts of money in public.
  • Cultural Awareness: Respect local customs and avoid behavior that may be misinterpreted. Learn some basic Spanish phrases to communicate with the locals and show genuine interest in their culture.
  • Local Advice: It is always helpful to have advice from locals or your accommodation about safe areas and recommendations to enjoy tourism without worries.

It is important to remember that Mexico City is a vibrant and energetic city where millions of tourists visit every year without incident. By following these precautions and being alert, you can enjoy all that this wonderful city has to offer and create unforgettable memories on your trip.

Museums and Art: Cultural Treasures on Every Corner

Mexico City is a paradise for art and culture lovers, with an impressive offer of museums and artistic expressions that will leave you in awe. Here you will find a fascinating variety of options to immerse yourself in Mexico’s rich history and creativity:

National Museum of Anthropology:

Considered one of the most important museums in the world, this place will take you on a fascinating journey through Mexico’s pre-Hispanic history. You will be able to admire archaeological pieces, sculptures and artifacts from the ancient civilizations that shaped the nation.

Frida Kahlo Museum (La Casa Azul):

Immerse yourself in the life and work of iconic Mexican painter Frida Kahlo at her former home-turned-museum. Here you will discover her unique style, her personal struggle and her contribution to art and feminism.


Museo Soumaya:

Designed by architect Fernando Romero, this museum is an architectural gem in itself and houses an extensive collection of European and Mexican art. It is the perfect place to enjoy paintings, sculptures and contemporary art.



Urban Art:

Explore the streets of Mexico City and discover its vibrant urban art scene. The murals and graffiti painted on the facades of buildings and alleys tell stories of Mexican culture and society today.

Cultural Centers:

The city is full of cultural centers and art galleries that present temporary exhibitions and artistic events. Do not hesitate to visit some of them to see the emerging talent of local and foreign artists.

Art Festivals: Mexico

City hosts numerous art festivals throughout the year, such as the Cervantino International Festival, the Festival del Centro Histórico and more. These events allow you to enjoy diverse and unique cultural presentations.

Whether you are passionate about painting, sculpture, history or contemporary expressions, Mexico City has something to satisfy your curiosity and passion for art and culture.

Calendar of Local Events: Celebrate Mexican Life

Mexico City is a vibrant and energetic place, and its calendar of local events is full of festivities and celebrations that reflect the rich tradition and joy of the Mexican people. Here are some of the highlights you won’t want to miss:

Day of the Dead:

Without a doubt, one of Mexico’s most emblematic festivities. Every year, on November 1st and 2nd, the streets are filled with colorful altars, sugar skulls and parades to honor loved ones who have passed away. It is a unique and moving experience to immerse yourself in Mexican culture and its perspective on death.


Cuautepec Fair:

If you visit Mexico City in August, don’t miss the traditional Cuautepec Fair in the Cuautepec neighborhood in the north of the city. Here you will enjoy food stalls, mechanical games, musical shows and the warm hospitality of the local people.

Festival del Centro Histórico:

Every year, during March and April, the heart of the city fills with music, theater, dance, cinema and cultural activities to celebrate the Festival del Centro Histórico. It is a unique opportunity to appreciate art and history in the majestic architecture of downtown.

Alebrijes Parade:

In October, you can enjoy the spectacular Alebrijes Monumental Parade. These colorful and fantastic creatures made of papier-mâché come to life in a parade that is a true feast for the imagination and creativity.


Fiestas Patrias:

In September, Mexico dresses in green, white and red to celebrate Independence Day. The plazas and streets are filled with festivity, music, folkloric dances and delicious Mexican dishes. The Grito de Dolores, on the night of September 15, is a special moment to witness the patriotic spirit and the union of the Mexican people.

Holy Week:

During Holy Week, the city is filled with religious processions, altars and theatrical representations of the passion and death of Christ. It is an occasion to connect with the faith and devotion of the inhabitants of Mexico City.

Candlemas Day:

In February, Mexico celebrates Candlemas Day, also known as the Day of the Presentation of the Child Jesus. The tradition is that those who found the Baby Jesus in the Rosca de Reyes should take him to church and then celebrate with a meal shared with family and friends.

What to buy in Mexico City? Find Unique Treasures

Mexico City is a true paradise for shopping and shopping lovers. Here you will find a wide variety of handcrafted products, authentic souvenirs and local products that will allow you to take a little piece of the Mexican essence with you. Here are some ideas on what to buy in this exciting city:

Handicrafts and Textiles:

Mexico City’s markets and stores are full of colorful handicrafts and textiles that reflect Mexico’s rich culture. From sarapes, huipiles, rebozos, to embroidery and ceramic pieces, each item is a unique work of art that tells a story.




Jewelry and Silverware:

Mexico is famous for its beautiful silverware and jewelry, and Mexico City is the perfect place to purchase exquisite handmade pieces. Markets and boutiques offer a wide range of choices, from delicate silver pieces to colorful jewelry with precious and semi-precious stones.

Talavera Poblana:

Originating in the city of Puebla, Talavera Poblana is a handcrafted ceramic with traditional designs and vibrant colors. In Mexico City, you will find a wide variety of tableware, pots and decorative objects made of talavera, perfect for bringing a bit of Mexican culture into your home.


Lucha Libre Merchandise:

If you are a fan of Mexican wrestling, you can’t miss buying merchandising related to this exciting show. From masks to t-shirts and wrestlers’ dolls, you will find a wide selection of products to carry with you the spirit of lucha libre.

Sweets and Chocolates:

Mexico is famous for its delicious sweets and chocolates. In Mexico City, you will find a wide variety of options, from traditional milk and tamarind candies to rich chocolates with authentic flavors such as chocolate with chili and chocolate with cinnamon.

Tequila and Mezcal:

You can’t leave Mexico without trying the famous tequila and mezcal. In Mexico City, you will find a selection of high quality tequilas and mezcals, perfect to take home and enjoy a toast with friends.

Books and Mexican Literature:

If you are passionate about literature, Mexico City is the ideal place to find books and literary works by renowned Mexican authors. Explore the city’s bookstores and bookstalls and discover literary gems to enrich your personal library.

Local Weather: Be Prepared for All Seasons

Mexico City’s climate is as diverse as its culture and architecture. Here, the weather is pleasant year-round, but it’s important to be prepared for the different seasons and temperature changes you might experience during your visit. Here’s a quick guide so you can prepare adequately:

  • Spring (March to May): Spring is one of the best times to visit Mexico City. Temperatures are mild and pleasant, ranging from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). However, I recommend you bring layers of clothing, as mornings can be cool and afternoons can be warmer. Don’t forget an umbrella or raincoat, as it is the sporadic rainy season.
  • Summer (June to August): During the summer, the weather tends to be warmer and more humid. Temperatures can reach 30°C or more, especially in July. We suggest you wear light clothing, a hat or cap and sunscreen to protect you from the sun. It is also important to stay hydrated, so always carry a bottle of water with you.
  • Autumn (September to November): Autumn is another lovely season to explore Mexico City. Temperatures start to cool down, ranging between 15°C and 22°C. A light sweater and jacket will help keep you comfortable during the cooler nights.
  • Winter (December to February): Winter in Mexico City is mild and pleasant. Average daytime temperatures hover around 20°C, but can drop to around 5°C or 10°C at night. Be sure to bring warm clothes, especially if you plan to go out at night.

Regardless of the season in which you visit Mexico City, it is always advisable to be prepared for any weather. Pack smart and bring versatile clothing that will allow you to easily adapt to changes. And remember, you never know what surprises the weather will throw at you in this vibrant and exciting city!


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